Author(s): Zoran Sapuric1, Sukru DURSUN2, Hysen Mankolli3
  • 1. University American College, Skopje, North Macedonia
  • 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
  • 3. Expert in Ecology, Plainfield, Illinois, USA; Consultant Scientific Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), University of Maryland College Park, USA; Chief Editor of IJEES journal

Abstract: The new type of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has disease characteristics and first emerged as an epidemic in the Wuhan municipality of China in December 2019. It has reached Europe since the beginning of 2020. In response to this situation, in many European countries, various restriction measures have been implemented at the national level to limit temperature change and both waste production and waste transformation organization have been observed. Although the COVID-19 pandemic continues to affect Europe to this date, this report focuses on the first “wave” between February and June 2020. The information presented focuses on this period unless otherwise stated. Pandemic and related restrictions may be imposed, the municipality has brought different conditions regarding waste management. Local governments retain a lot of power to provide for cleaning staff costs and improvements to address staff shortages. The pandemic has made it difficult for local government to provide municipal waste services to residents. At first, as the pandemic progresses and quarantines are imposed in many countries, utilities and municipal waste operators are forced to continue adapting their waste management systems and new transfers. The key view for many local waste authorities has been to ensure staffing, particularly when collecting potentially generating waste. Collection of research papers and packaging scraps has continued throughout the quarantine period, and breakthroughs have been experienced when separate collection is offered. Participants in the surveys stated that their big earnings increase at the same frequency as always. The different causes of the disease that occur include personal deficiency, increased production of the household, etc. specify.