EVALUATION OF THE PHYTOCOENOSES CONDITION OF AGROLANDSCAPES OF THE RIGHT-BANK FOREST-STEPPE OF UKRAINE BY ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS
- 1. Metrolohichna 12 Str, Kyiv, Ukraine
Abstract: To establish the impact of anthropogenic factors on the phytodiversity of phytocoenoses, an assessment was made by integral indicators: hemerobia, the degree of destruction of phytocoenoses, and the degree of synatropisation using indices of anthropogenic transformation of flora. The general tendency of hemerobia growth from semi-natural phytocoenoses to agrocenoses was established. It was determined that the main part of semi-natural phytocoenoses in terms of the coefficient of destruction of phytodiversity belongs to the IV and V classes of destruction – above average with a certain violation of edaphotopes and with a high agrotransformed edaphotop. According to the synanthropisation indexes, it was found that apophytisation processes in semi-natural phytocoenoses of the Central Forest-Steppe of Ukraine prevail over adventitious processes, which confirms the anthropogenic impact of synanthropic species on the state of phytocoenoses and the creation of optimal conditions for their further spread.