COMPOST PRODUCTION FROM CHICKEN MANURE AND ENRICHED WITH DIFFERENT MATERIALS OBTAINED FROM AGRICULTURAL WASTES FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF DEGENERATED AGRICULTURAL LANDS
- 1. Directorate of Soil, Water and Combating Desertification Research Institute, Konya, Turkey
- 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
Abstract: The most important problem of agricultural lands in recent years is the increasing sensitivity to erosion. In agricultural production techniques; Applications that improve soil quality, provide soil with organic matter and increase soil aggregate stability should be supported. The movement and balance of water, air and plant nutrients in the soil should be sustainable. The main reason for the reduction of soil organic matter in agricultural ecosystems is the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through carbon oxidation. When the carbon lost from the soil cannot be replaced, erosion increases even more. The addition of organic matter increases the aggregation in the soil and increases the resistance of the soil against water and wind erosion, increases the soil quality and increases the plant yield. In Konya Closed Basin (KCB), it is known that the stubble of corn, sunflower wastes from agricultural wastes are burned after harvesting in areas where intensive agriculture is carried out. The organic carbon amount of these agricultural wastes must be recycled to the soil by composting. In addition, it should be aimed to reduce the loss of nitrogen in its content by enriching chicken manure with different materials with composting techniques and to ensure its recycling to the soil and to improve and increase the soil quality. Within the scope of the TAGEM project named "Determining the Effects of Chicken Manure Enriched with Different Materials and Compost Obtained from Agricultural Wastes on Soil Quality and Growth of Corn (Zea mays L.)", organic materials obtained from chicken manure and agricultural wastes, Composting operations were carried out in an open heap environment. Providing carbon and nitrogen mineralization in soils by composting chicken manure with agricultural wastes with different materials such as leonardite, clinoptilolite, biochar in problematic, marginal semi-arid areas that are devoid of organic matter, and which have suffered wind erosion in the sustainable land management (SAY) planning in the basin. It is aimed to increase the organic matter content, increase the microorganism activity and aggregate stability, increase plant growth and productivity, and ultimately reduce erosion. The composting process of the project has been evaluated in this study.