Author(s): Emir Özkayalar1, Sukru DURSUN2, Hüseyin Toros3
  • 1. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey;
  • 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
  • 3. Department of Meteorology, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey

Abstract: The part of the atmosphere in which people and other living things live, which is close to the earth; As clean air, nitrogen, oxygen and a small amount of it are made up of other gases. The distribution of these gases is a mixture of 21% oxygen, 78% nitrogen and 1% other gas by volume. Other gases other than oxygen and nitrogen are gases such as argon, carbon dioxide, water vapor, helium, neon, hydrogen, nitrogen monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone and ammonia. Chemical substances that can be in gas, liquid or solid form that change this natural composition of air are called air pollutants. The increase in the number of pollutants in the atmosphere adversely affects the air quality and creates air pollution. Air pollution is defined as the presence of solid, liquid and gaseous foreign materials in the atmosphere that may harm human health and the life of living things or prevent the use of material objects necessary for their survival. Air pollution adversely affects the health of humans, animals and plants and destroys the metal, stone and wood parts of the buildings. Its effects span not only present but future generations as well. The aim of the research is to evaluate the reasons causing the rapidly increasing air pollution problem in cities and the physical geography factors affecting air pollution; Bursa City is to examine the change of air quality over time. First of all, by scanning the literature in the field of study, studies examining the air quality of the city were examined, and the air quality data of the City of Bursa were obtained through the "National Air Quality Monitoring Network of the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization" system between 2019 and 2021. The data obtained were converted into tables and graphics using Microsoft Excel and distribution of pollution level were presented.