Author(s): Suleiman MOSTAMANDY1, Hüseyin Toros2, Sukru DURSUN3
  • 1. The King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Saudi Arabia
  • 2. Department of Meteorology, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 3. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey; Chief Editor of and

Abstract: Karaman, which has a very old historical background and mixes different economies and cultures, has cradled many civilizations. Karaman is geographically located in the south of Central Anatolia region. The period of the Republic of Turkey took its name Karaman. Karaman became the 70th province of Turkey on June 15, 1989. Economy and industry developed in Karaman, which has fertile lands, based on agriculture. There are modern industrial facilities that employ a large number of labour force in Karaman city center. It can be accepted that it has a great industrial potential during last 20 years. The total area of 886,900 ha of Karaman province; 228,820 ha of it (26%) is flat, and 653.645 ha of it (74%) is mountainous. The population size is 250.000 people. 35% of biscuit production and 20% wheat production of Turkey is produced by Karaman industry. As with many developed cities in Turkey, which are used fossil fuel consumption for heating in cold winter, air pollution is observed. Vehicle exhausts in traffic and industry are other important sources of pollution in the city center. In Turkey, in March 2020, Covidien-19 measures thus markedly obvious improvement in air quality. The Sahrah dust event, which occurred after the virus measures, especially PM pollution increase was observed.