THE PROTECTION OF BEE PRESENCE IN PASTURELAND
- 1. Selcuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Campus-Konya
- 2. Selcuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Campus-Konya
- 3. Selcuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Campus-Konya
Abstract: The honeybee is vitally important creatures to supply of foodstuffs such as honey, nectar, pollen, royal jelly, etc. and being pollinator of about 77% of 82 plant species which are used as edible in the world. The bee presences are decreased day by day in our country and the whole world due to using pesticide, overgrazing like similar reasons. The pastureland, which is natural areas are not only a forage source for cattle, sheep, and goat, but also these areas provide survival changes of other creatures in nature. Increasing beekeeping activity in rangelands can be obtained to quality honey production from these areas, and enhance to spread of the plants which are pollinated by honeybees in pastureland as the increase in these plants seed yields. For this purpose, forage crops using in rangeland improvement to the protection of bee life and enhancing of bee presence are sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa), chickpea milkvetch (Astragalus cicer), dandelion (Taraxacum officinale), wild rocket (Diplotaxis tenuifolia), etc. These forage plants having long blooming period could be meet a nectar needs of the bees. In this review inform about actions to be taken for the protection of bee presence, and forage crops which can be used for that purpose.