THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DAIRY FARMS WITH FREESTALL HOUSES SUPPORTED BY IPARD IN KONYA REGION AND THE THEIR EFFECTS ON ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION
- 1. Selçuk University, Agricultural Faculty, Farm Structure and Irrigation Department, 42021, Turkey
- 2. Selçuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Agricultural Structures and Irrigation Department, 42021, Türkiye
Abstract: International Phonetic Alphabet Rural Development (IPARD) was established by the European Union (EU) in order to improve the performance of agricultural farms in the candidate and potential candidate countries, to protect the environment and to comply with the relevant EU standards on animal welfare issues. Konya region ranks first in our country in terms of production quantity and number of animals in dairy cattle breeding. Particular, Konya region the dairy farms with freestall housing are constructed by the support of IPARD. The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of the dairy farms with freestall housing supported by IPARD in Konya region and to determine their effects on environmental pollution. It was investigated representative twenty dairy farms with different animal capacities by using purposeful sampling method in this region. Examined dairy farms were evaluated at 5 different groups according to their animal capacities with <50 head, 50-99 head, 100-149 head, 150-199 head and 200 head and over. In this study, the number of dairy cows 35-225, the total animal capacities 71-453, 48-332 BBHB and 62.5-398.8 LU, the production of feed 327-2509 ton, the annual total milk production 235000-1750000 L and daily milk production 18.26-22.86 L per cow and year were determined. In addition, a large number of units such as the milking shed, the milk cooling and storage tank, the pressure washer system for cleaning milking parlours and the monitoring systems as well as manure conveyors, manure mixer research, fertilizer pump and fertilizer warehouses are available in all the farms investigated. As a result, it can be said that IPARD supported projects are environmentally friendly projects which take environnmental pollution into consideration and try to solve the waste pollution.