SOIL EROSION IN INDONESIA AND ITS CONTROL
- 1. PhD Student of Dept. of Field Crops, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.
- 2. Selcuk University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Field Crops, Campus-Konya
Abstract: Erosion is a major cause of soil damage, soil loss, and soil degradation. Soil erosion can threaten agricultural productivity, food security, environmental sustainability, lead to the damage or even destruction of infrastructures and also lead to other disasters such as flood, landslide and lost of people’s life. Indonesia is a tropical country with high intensity of rainfall and mountainous, hilly and wavey topography. The climate and topography conditions of Indonesia alongside with the inappropriate soil exploitation activities cause a high risk of soil erosion. Agricultural land is a major area with the highest soil erosion rate in Indonesia. Some soil erosion controls must be done to reduce soil erosion rate, especially on agricultural sloping lands. This paper tries to give brief information about soil erosion in Indonesia and some management and control efforts against soil erosion.