ROOFTOP RAINWATER HARVESTING OPTIMIZATION IN ANTALYA, TURKEY
- 1. Department of Environmental Engineering, Konya Technical University, Konya, 42031, Turkey
- 2. Department of Environmental Engineering, Konya Technical University, Konya, 42031, Turkey
Abstract: The water resources of the world are consuming rapidly due to the population increases and growing industrializing world. Sustainable water resources management seems a solution for managing the scarce water resources. Rainwater harvesting can reduce water shortage problems, especially in countries which suffer from water scarcity. Saving of freshwater resources is essential for water conservation. In domestic uses, the non-potable water demand especially in toilets flushing can be changed with rainwater harvesting. In this study, Water Balance Model (WBM) and Rippl Method (RM) are used to investigate the optimization of rooftop rainwater harvesting in Antalya province of Turkey. The reliability analysis of the rooftop rainwater harvesting and optimal storage estimation analysis have done for system optimization. Comparisons among annual, eight, seven and six months regularizations are made in order to make the rainwater harvesting system feasible and cost-effective. For Antalya rooftop rainwater harvesting system, individual houses (a 6 household family water demand for toilets flushing 24 L/ca/day) are assessed by using the WBM and RM. For optimal rainwater storage tanks estimation 60, 40 and 35 m2 rooftop areas are selected for annual, eight, and seven/six months regularizations respectively for supplying the water demand of toilets flushing with 90-100% reliability. Comparisons between two methods for optimal rainwater harvesting storage tanks are made in order to recommend a suitable method for storage tanks estimation. For annual regularizations, 21 m3 and 17 m3 storage tanks are estimated with RM and WBM respectively. Thus, WBM is recommended for Antalya province. For eight, seven and six months regularizations with RM; 9, 7, and 4 m3 storage tanks are estimated respectively. The storage cost and payback period for annual regularization is 3600 TL and 24 years respectively. Storage, costs about 50% of the rooftop rainwater harvesting. Hence, twofold of storage cost might give the cost of the rooftop rainwater harvesting system.