Author(s): Arif Delikan1, İsmail Sevimer2
  • 1. Konya Technical University, Geological Engineering Department Konya, Turkey
  • 2. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 10th Regional Directorate, Karabük-Turkey

Abstract: The Kavaklı Natural Protection Area (KNPA) is located just south of the Yenice-Karabük region. This region has one of Turkey's richest forest texture areas and oxygen content. The kavaklı area is also located in the wildlife protection areas. KNPA consists of one polygon and two different types of rock community. Nature Protection area includes Early-Late Cretaceous Ulus formation. Ulus formation consists of Early-Late Cretaceous clastic sedimentary rocks. As a member of the Ulus formation, Sunduk member covers carbonate rocks. KNPA a consists mostly of carbonated rocks. Detrital sedimentary rocks are only exposed in a small area to the east of the polygon. The region is very close to the North Anatolian Fault Zone (NAFZ). Therefore, the region is frequently influenced by active seismic movements. KNPA consists mostly of carbonaceous rocks, thus creating more stable areas against earthquakes and less danger for natural life and besides, there are many small and large caves in carbonate rocks. These karstic structures constitute important shelters and feeding areas for natural wildlife. In addition, the infrequent forest texture in carbonated rocks create the breathing areas in the forests. Limestone and clastic rocks between contacts are exposed to spring water. Spring water are important for natural life.