Author(s): Hysen Mankolli1, Sukru DURSUN2, Lyudmyla Symochko3, Mirela Lika (Cekani)4, Massimo Zucchetti5, Flora Merko6, Zoran Sapuric7, Cezar Kongoli8, Fatma Kunt9
  • 1. Expert in Ecology, Plainfield, Illinois, USA; Consultant Scientific Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), University of Maryland College Park, USA; Chief Editor of IJEES journal
  • 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
  • 3. Ukraine
  • 4. University of Tirana
  • 5. Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Torino, Italia
  • 6. Alexander Mosiu University,Tirana, Albania
  • 7. University American College, Skopje, North Macedonia
  • 8. Earth System Science Interdisciplinary Center (ESSIC), University of Maryland College Park, USA;
  • 9. Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering, Konya, Turkey

Abstract: Bio climate concept is a wide concept and from ecologic angle it shows content elements combination that predominate or determinate the planted and animal life. The bio climate of one zone is considered as a combination between vegetation zone and climatic elements. The bio clime study on Korça - eco zone and the bioclimatic indexes give a view about the conception and using values of bio climate classification indexes. This study based on Emberger and FAO Model of learned Frenchman, which is the most quoted on studies with bioclimatic character on Mediterranean eco-zone for period 30 years. The Emberger Classification is known and applied, because it gives a detailed using about studied zone. The Emberger Classification is based on pluviometric index Q and vegetation index and gives a more detailed classification than others. After mathematic data processing and comparison of bioclimatic indexes according to respective classes is concluded that according to Emberger Korça – eco zone is classificated on three respective bio climates: Micro zone with semiarid bio climate with coefficient Q<60 and annual precipitations 400-600 mm per year, in which take parts: Sheqeras and Gurshqipe; Micro zone with sub humid bio climate with coefficient 60<Q<90 and annual precipitations 600-700 mm per year, in which take parts: Dvorani, Zvirina, Bilishti, Liqenas (Korça); Micro zone with humid bio climate with coefficient 90<Q<150 and annual precipitations over than 700 mm per year, in which take parts: Shtylla, Korita, Gjonbabasi, Vithkuqi, Voskopoja. We have arrived in the following conclusions from this study: Bioclimatic classification in general of Southwestern eco zone Albania and in particular of eco zones must taken in consideration for cultivated plants regionalization; Using of bioclimatic maps for agro-ecosystems construction on Korça zone; The change of precipitations amounts per every 100 m is oscillated from 40 to 60 mm; The insolation report for Korça micro zones is oscillated from 0.50-0.