Author(s): Esma Demirkıran1, Gönül Bal2, Bilgehan Nas3
  • 1. Selcuk University, Environmental Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey
  • 2. Selcuk University, Environmental Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey
  • 3. Selçuk University, Engineering Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey

Abstract: Pharmaceuticals are compounds consisting of a mixture of one or more active ingredients produced for the treatment of diseases in humans and animals. The use of pharmaceuticals for human use and veterinary use is now widespread. It is the group that needs to be prevented due to the spread. Not all of the pharmaceuticals taken into the body for treatment are left in the body, but are often expelled directly from the body in the form of the main active ingredient. Though these substances are at low concentrations in the waters of the wastewater treatment plants, they are very effective and adversely affect living and environmental health. Conventional treatment methods are not sufficient for the remediation of pharmaceuticals causing adverse environmental and living health problems, so advanced treatment methods are needed. In this study, the effects of pharmaceuticals, levels of pharmaceuticals and how to remove pharmaceuticals from wastewater treatment plants are discussed.