EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE AND DROUGHT ON KONYA
- 1. Selçuk University, Engineering Faculty, Environmental Engineering Department, Konya, Turkey
- 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
Abstract: Konya Closed Basin has an area of 53,850 km2 that is located in Central Anatolia and occupies 7% of the total area of Turkey. The basin is recognized as one of the Global 200 Eco-regions and has 2 national parks, 15 important bird areas and 6 important plant areas. However, the stress on the water resources is exacerbated by recurring droughts in the basin. Monitoring droughts are necessary to minimize environmental, hydrological and agricultural threats. In this research, it was aimed to determine the effects of climate change and drought on Konya closed basin. For this purpose, literature review has been done and tried to evaluate the subject in the light of new literature. Literature search results are both thoughtful and sad dimensions. It appeared that living the climate change of Konya is an inevitable true. Drought, immigration, lack of water, becoming desert extinct of some ecological species, decreasing agricultural fields will be natural and social problems lived. If we do not have solutions such as using renewable energy resources, preventing uncontrolled industrialization and preventing forest destruction for bad rıdge it won’t be possible to find a clean environment which can be lived.