EVALUATION OF URBAN HEAT ISLAND INTERACTION WITH URBANIZATION IN KONYA CITY
- 1. Department of City and Regional Planning, “Necmettin Erbakan” University, Konya, Turkey
- 2. Engineering and Natural Science Faculty, Konya Technical University, Konya, Turkey
- 3. Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering, Konya, Turkey
- 4. Konya Technical University
Abstract: The proportion of urban green spaces in urban structured environment directly affects the urban climate, especially the urban heat island effect. With the decrease of this ratio in the cities, the humidity of the air decreases and the evaporation decreases accordingly. The increase in the structural areas at different heights of impervious urban surfaces (concrete buildings and asphalt coverings) creates local and regional differences in the urban micro-climate. Metropolitan cities have their own unique climatic spaces. This situation, which can also affect global warming, can eliminate the temperature increasing effect of urban heat island with the optimization of building solar relation in city planning and single structure scale. Rapid urbanization in Konya is based on the hypothesis that there are variations in climate parameters resulting from intensive construction and urban expansion. The study was based on spatial development based on the planning activities of Konya in 1940, 1980, 2000 and 2017. The meteorological values of past and present and the change of urban heat islands in these years will be determined. Relations between meteorological parameters, green areas and density of deposition will be revealed by evaluating the deposition and solar relationships in the two selected areas. As a result, strategies will be developed to eliminate the urban heat island effect for the Konya Metropolis.